Pakistan is one of the 19 countries and territories of the IDF MENA (International Diabetes Federation Middle East and North Africa) region where 35.4 million people have diabetes; by 2040 this will rise to 72.1 million. There were over 7 million cases of diabetes in Pakistan alone in 2015 which caused 86,364 numbers of deaths in adults. This show how serious is the prevailing threat. Even though the problem is becoming common very few know how to combat it with high spirits. Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2) has serious implications on the health of patients suffering.
To prevent or fight through any disease it is important to understand what the problem really is. At a glance, people with diabetes either have a total lack of insulin (type 1 diabetes) or they have too little insulin or cannot use insulin effectively (type 2 diabetes). Although monitoring and managing the disease can prevent complications, diabetes remains the leading cause of blindness and kidney failure. It also continues to be a critical risk factor for heart disease, stroke, and foot or leg amputations. Some of the symptoms are :
- Type 1 diabetes: Symptoms include frequent urination (polyuria), excessive thirst (polydipsia), constant hunger, weight loss, very dry skin, vision changes and fatigue.
- Type 2 diabetes: Symptoms may be similar to those of Type 1 diabetes, but are often less marked. As a result, the disease may be diagnosed several years after onset, once complications have already arisen. Impaired glucose tolerance and impaired fasting glycaemia are intermediate conditions and risk categories for future development of diabetes.
Scientist these days are working on producing mock cells that will be able to produce insulin which might help combat Type 1 diabetes completely. These cells can be sent into the blood stream and when tested showed promising results however until this invention is put to use people suffering from Diabetes need to look after their health themselves and the population free from this disease should make sure that their lifestyle remains healthy to prevent being sucked in the diabetic circle. There are certain lifestyle practices that are beneficial for diabetic patients and are generally healthy for the rest as well.
- Get yourself checked for diabetes every two years
- Watch out your weight, obese people are likely to be diabetic by programming
- Reduce/maintain your weight, walk and exercise regularly
- Make sure you limit processed food and maintain a balanced, healthy diet
- Don’t smoke, it’s not even cool!
- Monitor and control your blood pressure
- Keep a healthy heart
- Drink lots of water
- Increase fiber intake (basil/chia seeds)
- Cut sweeteners out of your life (while having tea/coffe)
To manage your body insulin level it is highly advised that you exercise and strive to maintain your body weight. Do this by taking light portion of meals scattered randomly throughout the day rather than eating stomach full on meal times. Make sure that healthy sugars are included in your diet. Boycott the use of carbonated/sugared drinks. Stop yourself from eating junk food, processed food and even when taking fruits be careful of the amount and kind of sugar that’s being consumed.
Keeping a healthy routine will not just make you physically fit but will keep you mentally healthy and sound. Do comment in for any other practices that helped you or helped a close one combat diabetes with a smile. Stay Blessed!
For more details on the topic visit: http://www.searo.who.int/entity/noncommunicable_diseases/topics/SDE_Diabetes-FS.pdf?ua=1
Sources: www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au, www.idf.org/membership/mena/pakistan, www.express.co.uk